On public transport buses, standing passengers are subject to acceleration and braking driver manoeuvres which may lead to a falling event. In Work Package 5, VIRTUAL strives to improve the traffic safety of standing passengers in public transport vehicles by developing virtual testing models.
The new developed standing Human Body Models will be used to model falls in public transport vehicles due to non-collision events. Specifically, the objective is three-fold;
(i) identify the characteristics of passengers involved most frequently in non-collision injuries,
(ii) identify factors where acceleration and braking manoeuvres led to falls resulting in injuries of the standing passenger,
(iii) characterise acceleration and deceleration properties of PT systems (e.g., magnitude, duration).
These results will be used as input for developing the scenarios of the volunteer tests (e.g., gender, age, standing positions, acceleration/deceleration properties) to gather information about body kinematics reating to acceleration and braking manouevres to develop the standing Human Body Models. This paper includes the results of the data analysis of standing passenger falling events on buses connected to driver manoeuvres in non-collision incidents (i.e., acceleration or braking).
The article on the analysis of the STRADA data for standing passengers, written by Ary Silvano and Maria Ohlin, is available now:
Non-collision incidents on buses due to acceleration and braking manoeuvres leading to falling events among standing passengers